Stage 3 | Data
Explore How Public Data Can Help You Detect Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is rampant in the United States. However, it remains difficult to detect and disrupt, including by financial institutions that may be used by traffickers to move money. Public datasets can expose trends and patterns of human trafficking. Financial institutions can leverage the vast trove of public data – a small selection of which are noted below – to better identify victims, traffickers, and trafficking locations, to uncover and combat trafficking.
Financial institutions may encounter victims in retail locations, phone, or digital communications. By understanding the most common victim profiles they can better identify victims and risks.
- U.S. states at greatest risk for trafficking. (NHTRC)
- Race/ethnicity, gender, and age demographics of victims. (Polaris)
- Runaway or social services-housed children at increased risk for victimhood. (Missing Kids)
- Demographic indicators of trafficking from government data filings. (University of Sydney)
Eighteen percent of cases of labor exploitation in the U.S. involve a victim with a temporary work visa. Traffickers may also be previously-convicted criminals, or connected to other operating businesses. Financial institutions can understand who is more likely to be trafficking and incorporate that information into Know Your Customer (KYC) processes.
- Eligible & ineligible farm labor contractors according to the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act. (Department of Labor (DOL))
- H-2B: Temporary non-agricultural workers
- Applicants of H-2B visas include the employer, the number of workers requested, and the job description. (DOL)
- Employer, industry, and state of H-2B sponsors [csv version] (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. (USCIS))
- Violations of labor standards for industries with high levels of H-2B workers. (DOL)
- H-2A: Temporary agricultural workers
- J-1: Foreigners visiting for “cross-cultural experiences” such as for internship or education
- T: Visa for victims of human trafficking
De-Barred Brokers and Employers
- H-2A and H-1B debarred employers no longer eligible to participate in sponsorships of these visas. (DOL)
- Compliance actions against sponsored employers. (DOL)
- Specific acts violated by visa sponsors. (DOL)
- Disciplined and previously disciplined immigration lawyers. (Department of Justice (DOJ))
- Corporate registrations to identify connections to de-barred or suspected traffickers under new business names. (Many)
- OpenCorporates for identifying businesses and related people. (Many)
- Goods and their producer countries associated with forced and child labor. (DOL)
- Legislation and case laws relating to human trafficking. (UN)
- Most Wanted for Human Trafficking. (ICE)
- Deportations from the U.S. since 2013 including those whose convicted of “Human Slavery or Trafficking. (ICE)
Sixty-three percent of trafficking victims experienced a combination of mass transit such as public buses, subways, and publicly accessible transportation services, as they were trafficked. As a moving business, trafficking can expose itself through transactions relating to lodging and transportation. Financial institutions should evaluate transactions for unusual usage of these services for indications of trafficking.